the capital city of DPR Korea and the centre of politics, the
economy and culture. It is situated on the middle plain in the northwest of the
Korean peninsula. It's name means “a flat land”. The Taedong River, one of the longest in Korea, runs through the city,
and there extend vast plains on both sides of the river, dotted with
As the cradle
of the Taedonggang Civilization, it has over 5 000-year-long
history since Tangun, father of the Korean nation, established
Ancient Korea and set Pyongyang as its capital. It has major
attractions, such as Grand Monument on Mansu Hill, Tower of the
Juche Idea, Arch of Triumph, Party Founding Memorial Tower,
Mangyongdae Schoolchildren's Palace, Grand People's Study House,
Victorious Fatherland Liberation War Museum, Pyongyang Metro,
Topographically, the northern mountains keep off the cold northwestern
wind in winter, and the eastern and southern plains are exposed to
cool southeastern and southwestern wind, thus providing favourable
conditions for tour activities. The average annual temperature is
9.5oC and the average annual precipitation is about 1000mm.
In spring, Pyongyang presents the scene of a sea of flowers as in
Mangyongdae famous for beautiful landscape and various kinds of flowers are in full bloom on Moran Hill, which is called a garden of
the capital and the streets lined up with apricot trees. Walking along the banks of the Taedong and Pothong rivers with twigs
of willow hanging over the water is fine, and the boating on the
rivers adds lustre to the attractiveness of the city in summer.
The scene of Pyongyang in autumn is very charming for clear and blue
sky, fresh air and autumnal tints on the hills. In winter when it snows in large flakes, the mild weather, white snow
and frostworks give rise to a special feeling of the city.
Pyongyang is a city associated with time-honoured history, brilliant
culture, wisdom and talents of the Korean nation. It is one of the cradles of mankind and a city of culture with 5 000-year-long history.
There remain a lot of historical relics left by the Korean ancestors
one million years ago, which prove the emergence of mankind. It was the capital of Ancient Joson (early 30th century B.C.-108
B.C.), the first state in Korea, and Koguryo (277 B.C.-A.D.668 ), a
millennium power in the East. There are many historical relics showing
the long history and brilliant culture of the Korean people, including
the Mausoleum of Tangun, founder-king of Ancient Joson, and the Mausoleum of Tongmyong, founder-king of
After Korea’s liberation from the Japanese military occupation on
August 15, Juche 34 (1945) thanks to the wise leadership of President
Kim Il Sung, Pyongyang began to open a new page in the history of its
development as the capital of the DPRK. In the city there is the native home in Mangyongdae where the
President was born. In the city the glorious Workers’ Party of Korea was founded in
October Juche 34 (1945) and the DPRK, in September Juche 37 (1948).
During the three-year-long Korean war (June 25, 1950-July 27, 1953)
provoked by the US imperialists, the city was completely ruined due to
the brutal bombing of the US. After the ceasefire, it has been turned into a modern and beautiful
city under the wise leadership of President Kim Il Sung and Chairman
Kim Jong Il. It boasts of attractive green foliage and all kinds of
flowers and many monumental edifices, including the Tower of the Juche
Idea and the Arch of Triumph.
Today Pyongyang is changing remarkably into a more magnificent and
beautiful city and a city of creation, construction and miracle under
the wise leadership of supreme leader Kim Jong Un.